Economic Bases

Featured Image: Stephen Sly (engraver) and [Thomas Harrington?] Wilson (draughtsman on wood), “North American Bison,” in One Hundred and Fifty Wood Cuts Selected from the Penny Magazine; Worked, by the Printing Machine, from the Original Blocks (originally printed as page 273 in vol. 3 of the magazine; reprinted London: Charles Knight, 1835), plate 36.



“News from the Upper Mississippi—Extension of Trade, &c.,” New York NY Herald (29 July 1846), 1, from the St. Louis MO Era (20 July 1846).

sinclair


“A Caravan From The Selkirk Settlement,” Somerset PA Somerset Herald and Farmers’ and Mechanics’ Register (31 August 1847), 1, reprinted from the Grand County WI Herald. Identical reprints appeared earlier in the New York NY Herald (17 August 1847), 2 and the Washington DC Weekly National Intelligencer (21 August 1847), 7; and then appeared afterwards in the Hillsdale MI Whig Standard (7 September 1847), 1, the Juliet [sic: Joliet] IL Juliet [sic] Signal (28 September 1847), 4, and the Baltimore MD Commercial Journal and Lyford’s Price-Current (6 November 1847) 92.

caravan from Selkirk Settlement


George Simpson, cited in “The Selkirk Settlement,” Bowling Green MO Democratic Banner (9 October 1848), 1, reprinted from the Montreal Gazette.

Democratic banner., October 09, 1848


“Minnesota,” Louisville KY Examiner (12 May 1849), 1.

examiner., May 12, 1849,


“Dog Express,” Athens TN Post (19 April 1850), 3, from the St. Paul MN Pioneer.

dog express


Note, and “Important from the Selkirk Settlement,” Washington DC Republic (28 March 1850), 3, the latter taken from the St. Paul MN Pioneer.

The Republic. volume, March 28, 1850,


“From the Selkirk Settlements,” New Lisbon OH Anti-Slavery Bugle 5, 31 (13 April 1850), 123, from the St. Paul MN Pioneer.

plenty and cheap


“New Route to California,” Ebensburg PA Mountain Sentinel (30 May 1850) 2, taken from “the St. Paul papers.”

new route to california


“From the Selkirk Settlement,” New Orleans LA Daily Crescent, morning ed. (7 August 1850), 2.

daily crescent., August 07, 1850


“From the Far Northwest,” Washington DC Weekly National Intelligencer (10 August 1850), 5.

sinclair's californians


“New Route to Oregon,” Indianapolis IN Indiana State Sentinel (22 May 1851), 2, from the Minnesota Democrat.

new route to oregon


“Interesting from the Selkirk Settlement. The Weather–Crops–Emigration–Red River Caravan, ETC.,” New York NY Herald (30 July 1851), 8, from the St. Paul Democrat (15 July 1851), and Galena Advertiser (22 July 1851).

NY HERALD 1851


“The Selkirk Settlement,” Indianapolis IN Indiana State Sentinel (7 August 1851), 2, from the Cincinnati OH Gazette.

duty paid


“News from the Selkirk Settlement,” Hillsdale MI Whig Standard (12 August 1851), 1, reprinted from the Minnesota Democrat [15 July 1851]. An identical article was printed earlier as “News from the Selkirk Settlement, away up North in the British Possessions, between five and six hundred miles from St. Paul,” Gallipolis OH Journal (7 August 1851), 1.

hillsborough whig standard


“From the British Possessions,” Grand Haven MI Grand River Times (27 August 1851), 1, reprinted from the Minnesota Democrat [15 July 1851].

Grand River times., August 27, 1851


“News from the Far North—Arrival of the Pembina Train,” Washington DC Republic (10 August 1852), 3, reprinted from the St. Paul’s MN Democrat (28 July 1852).

Chas Grant yet again


“From the Far North,” New York NY Herald, morning ed. (12 August 1852), 3, reprinted from the St. Paul’s MN Democrat (25 [sic] July 1852).

charles grant new york herald 1852


“From the North,” Richmond VA Daily Dispatch (13 August 1852), 1, reprinted from the St. Paul’s MN Democrat (23 [sic] July 1852).

charles grant richmond va


“Arrival of the Caravan from Red River,” Glasgow MO Weekly Times (4 August 1853), 2, from the Minnesota Democrat (26 July 1853). An identical article was printed earlier in the Washington DC Daily Republic (2 August 1853), 1, though it dated the original source to 20 July.

grand cote


‘Correspondent of the New York Times,’ “The Puget Sound Expedition,” Washington DC Daily Union (5 August 1853), 2.

puget sound


“Arrival of the Caravan from Red River,” Washington DC Weekly National Intelligencer (6 August 1853), 6, from the St. Paul Democrat (20 July 1853).

30 miles west of pembina


“Arrival of a Caravan from Red River,” Lancaster OH Weekly Gazette (11 August 1853), 1.

arrival of caravan


“From Red River,” Thibodaux LA Minerva (18 August 1855), 3.

Pembina


Notice, St. Cloud MN Visiter (24 June 1858), 3.

trade increase


“The Red River of the North,” Raleigh NC Weekly North Carolina Standard (13 October  1858), 2, and Raleigh NC Semi-weekly Standard (13 October 1858), 2.

grasshoppers 1858


“Miscellaneous,” St. Cloud MN Democrat (9 December 1858), 2.

600 teams


“The Heart of the Continent,” Ashtabula OH Weekly Telegraph (5 February 1859), 2.

heart


“Col. Paul Anderson,” Cleveland OH Morning Leader (29 July 1859), 2.

Col Paul Anderson


“The Red River Trade,” Red Wing M.T. [MN] Sentinel (30 July 1859), 2, reprinted from the St. Paul Pioneer.

red river trade 1859


“The Red River Settlement,” Richmond VA Daily Dispatch (4 August 1859), 1.

200,000


Note, Cleveland OH Morning Leader (5 August 1859), 1.

200 carts


“Steamer for Lake Saskatchewam,” Cleveland OH Morning Leader (12 September 1859), 2.

sask steamer


Notice, St. Cloud MN Democrat (23 February 1860), 2.

St. Cloud Democrat., February 23, 1860


“Early Spring in the North West,” Cleveland OH Morning Leader (1 June 1860), 2.

early spring


Illustration of horse trade at St. Paul MN with Red River cart and [woman?] riding mule, captioned “Horse Jockeying,” in Manton Marble, “Red River and Beyond,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 21, 123 (August 1860), 291.

harper's 1860


“Red River News,” Cleveland OH Morning Leader (26 September 1860), 2, from the Red River Settlement Nor’-Wester (14 August 1860).

eclipse


“Governor Ramsey’s Message,” St. Cloud MN Democrat (17 January 1861), 3.

message


Jane G. Swisshelm, “Minnesota and the Northwest,” St. Cloud MN Democrat (28 March 1861), 1.

swisshelm page 1

Jane G. Swisshelm, excerpt of lecture, “Minnesota and the Northwest,” St. Cloud MN Democrat (28 March 1861), 2.

ansom


“From the North,” St. Cloud MN Democrat (1 January 1863), 1.

Kittson 1863


“North-Western Fur Trade,” Ravenna OH Portage County Democrat (19 August 19 1863), 1, from the St. Paul Daily Press.

future of trade


“The Trade Convention,” Columbus OH Daily Ohio Statesman (14 July 1865), 3.

reciprocity debate


“Commercial Convention,” East Saginaw MI Courier (19 July 1865), 2.

resolution


Note, Virginia City, Montana Territory, Montana Post (5 May 1866), 2, from the London Railway Record.

travel


“News Summary,” Plymouth IN Marshall County Republican (30 July 1868), 2.

tornado


“Starvation at Selkirk Settlement—The Grasshopper Invasion,” M’Arthur [sic] OH Democratic Enquirer (8 October 1868), 2, from the St. Paul Press. An identical article was printed earlier as “Starvation at Selkirk Settlement—The Grasshopper Invasion,” McConnelsville, OH Conservative (1 October 1868), 2.

Democratic enquirer., October 08, 1868


“The North West,” Sarnia ON Observer (10 June 1870), 1, from the Walkerton ON Telescope.

refugee report

 

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